As CBS2’s Tracee Carrasco reported, doctors have warned that the Powassan virus, a rare, tick borne illness could be serious. It doesn’t have a treatment or a cure.
“The doctor just has to support you during the acute illness and hope that you survive,” Dr. Daniel Cameron explained.
Dr. Cameron is the President of the International Lyme and Associated Diseases Society. He said that if bitten by an infected tick you can get the virus within a matter of minutes, and while the symptoms are similar to Lyme disease, they are more severe.
“You can get seizures, high fevers, stiff neck. It comes on so suddenly that it’s the kind of thing people go to the emergency room for,” he explained.
Researchers with the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station said the Powassan virus is starting to show up in Bridgeport and Branford.
“I couldn’t imagine having something worse than this. It sounds really awful,” Lyme disease patient Jennifer Cirigliano said.
Cirigliano was diagnosed with Lyme disease 2-years-ago. The 15-year-old said it’s been a long road of recovery.
“I was getting scared that there could be seriously something wrong,” she said.
Now, with this emerging tick borne illness, doctors say be on the lookout.
“Be more vigilant about checking. I can’t stay indoors. Summer is the time to be outside,” one woman said.
Doctors said there are ways you can protect yourself. The suggested wearing pants and long sleeves outside, avoiding bushy and wooded areas, checking for ticks, and wearing bug spray.
From The CDC:
What is Powassan virus disease?
Powassan (POW) virus disease is a rare, but often serious disease that is caused by a virus spread by infected ticks. Approximately 50 cases of POW virus disease were reported in the United States over the past 10 years. POW virus is one of a group of arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) that can cause inflammation of the brain (encephalitis).
POW virus is transmitted by the bite of an infected tick. POW virus is not transmitted directly from person-to-person.
Most cases have occurred in the northeastern and Great Lakes regions of the United States during the late spring, early summer, and mid-fall when ticks are most active.
Anyone bitten by a tick in an area where the virus is commonly found can get infected with POW virus. The risk is highest for people who live, work or recreate in brushy or wooded areas, because of greater exposure to potentially infected ticks.
The incubation period (time from tick bite to onset of illness) ranges from one week to one month.
Many people who become infected with POW virus do not develop any symptoms. POW virus can cause encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) and meningitis (inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord). Symptoms can include fever, headache, vomiting, weakness, confusion, loss of coordination, speech difficulties, and seizures.
Diagnosis is based on a combination of signs and symptoms and laboratory tests of blood or spinal fluid. These tests typically detect antibodies that the immune system makes against the viral infection.
There is no specific medicine to cure or treat POW virus disease. Treatment for severe illnesses may include hospitalization, respiratory support, and intravenous fluids.
The best way to prevent POW virus disease is by protecting yourself from tick bites. There is no vaccine against POW virus.
- Avoid contact with ticks by avoiding wooded and bushy areas with high grass.
- Apply insect repellents to bare skin, according to label instructions.
- Repellents containing DEET can be applied to exposed skin, but only last a few hours.
- Clothing and gear can be treated with permethrin, which remains protective through several washings.
- Find and remove ticks immediately before they have a chance to bite and attach.
- Bathe or shower (preferably within 2 hours after being outdoors) to wash off and find ticks on your body.
- Conduct a full-body tick check. Parents should thoroughly check children, especially in their hair.
- Also examine clothing, gear and pets.
If you are concerned that someone you know might have Powassan virus disease consult a healthcare provider.