The United Nations believes that it may be as little as days or even hours before a mass genocide occurs for the 20,000 to 30,000 Christian and Yazidis refugees that have been forced onto Mount Sinjar by the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIS). The militant Islamic group is known for their brutality both towards enemy combatants and religious minorities. Already, ISIS has driven thousands from their homes under the threat of violence if they do not pay tribute in gold for the right to practice their religious beliefs.

It seems that President Obama is having to re-engage himself in Iraq even as he had made it a point to exit the nation with a hasty US troop withdrawal. Critics have charged that in his desire to walk away from Iraq, he failed to secure a permanent US military base in the nation and left a corrupt Iraqi government under Nouri Al-Maliki which was fractured and incapable of dealing with the rising threat posed by ISIS. As it is, the United States is now conducting military flights in the nation albeit for humanitarian purposes. US forces have air dropped 100,000 meals and 27,000 gallons of drinking water to the struggling refugees. Likewise, Australia has joined in the US effort. When asked if Australia might also take part in military operations in the future, Prime Minister Tony Abbott would not rule them out.

US Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel announced that 130 more military advisers were dispatched to Iraq. They aid in the ongoing humanitarian efforts. The international community is getting behind the new Iraqi leader Haider al-Abadi. It is hoped he will unite the government and wage a successful campaign to repel ISIS out of the territories they now control. Further north, the US is arming the Kurds to boost their efforts to recapture land they lost to ISIS earlier this year.

Reference material:
http://www.news.com.au/world/middle-east/un-warns-30000-yazidis-stranded-on-mount-sinjar-facing-potential-genocide-within-days-or-hours/story-fnh81ifq-1227023190149